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钢结构检测 > 企业新闻 > 桥梁检测无损检测技术
桥梁检测无损检测技术
日期:2019-12-27 10:42:20 作者:佚名 来源:本站原创
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   随着科技水平的快速提升,道路桥梁的技术发展也越来越纯熟,像珠港澳这样的大桥也屹立在海面上,使得人们的出行也越来越便利。因此,对于道路桥梁的检测工作也越来越被重视,为了更好地实施道路桥梁的检测,无损检测技术开始被越来越多的人所关注和了解,并且运用到实践操作中。

       SUOWEIWUSUNJIANCEJISHU,ZHUYAOSHIYIJUCHUANTONGJISHU,RANHOUYICIWEIJICHUJINXINGCHUANGXINHEYANFADEXINXINGJISHU,ZHUYAOTONGGUOGUANG、CI、DIANDENGKEJIFANGSHI,SHIXIANDUIDAOLUQIAOLIANGDEJIANCE,BUHUICHANSHENGRENHEPOHUAIXING,JIANCEJIEGUOYESHISHIFENJINGZHUNDE。

        SUIZHEJISHUDEBUDUANWANSHAN,DAOLUQIAOLIANGDEWUSUNJIANCEJISHUYEFAZHANDESHIFENJIANQUAN,TUIGUANGHETUOZHANKONGJIANJIAODA,BUJINJINSHIQIJIANCEJIEGUOZHUNQUEWUWU,TISHENGJIANCESHUIPINGHEZHILIANG,HAIKEYIJIEYUECHENGBEN,ZENGJIAQIYEDEJINGJIXIAOYI。SUOYI,DAOLUQIAOLIANGDEWUSUNJIANCEYECHENGWEILEWEILAIFAZHANQUSHIHEFANGXIANG。


常用无损检测设备

1.DUANMIANJIANCEYI

       ZAIJINXINGDAOLUQIAOLIANGDEWUSUNJIANCEZHONG,DUANMIANJIANCEYISHIJINGCHANGSHIYONGDEJIANCESHEBEIZHIYI。GAISHEBEIZHUYAOSHILIYONGXIANSHANGHULIANWANGJISHU,SHIXIANDUIJIZUOBIAODEKUAISU、GAOXIAODEJIANCE,RANHOUKUAISUSHENGCHENGXIANGGUANBAOGAO,JISHIXINGHEJINGZHUNXINGXIAOGUOFEICHANGHAO;LIRUKEYIKUAISUJIANCECHUDAOLUDEPINGZHENGXISHU、LUMIANCHEZHEDECANSHU。


2.射线检测仪

        CHULEDUANMIANJIANCEYI,SHEXIANJIANCEYIYESHISHIFENCHANGYONGDESHEBEI,YIJINGBEIDAMIANJI、DAFANWEIDESHIYONGDAODAOLUQIAOLIANGDEWUSUNJIANCECAOZUOZHONG。SUOWEISHEXIANJIANCEYI,JIUSHIZHISHIYONGXSHEXIANLAISHIXIANDUIDAOLUQIAOLIANGDEYIXILIEWUSUNJIANCE。CISHEBEIFASANCHUDEXSHEXIAN,JUYOUJIAOQIANGDECHUANTOUXING,KEYIKUAISU、GAOXIAODECHUANTOUWUZHI,BINGQIEZAICHUANTOUSHIHUIHEWUZHICHANSHENGHUAXUEFANYING,CHENGXIANCHUMOUXIEWUZHIFASANCHUYINGGUANGDEXIAOGUO;YIDANWUSUNJIANCEDEJIEGUOYOUSUOPIANCHA,NEIMEXSHEXIANDEPINLVHECHENGXIANXIAOGUOYEHUISUIZHECHANSHENGBIANHUA,BIANYUJIANCERENYUANFAXIAN,YICIZUOWEIHENGLIANGDAOLUQIAOLIANGSHIFOUFASHENGWENTI;CHUCIZHIWAI,CHUXIANYICHANGDEWEIZHIYESHISHIFENXINGMUDE,BIANYUDINGWEI,KEYIKUAISUJINXINGWEIXIU,YIQUEBAOGONGCHENGZHILIANGDEANQUANXINGYUWENDINGXING。

 

3.抗滑检测仪

       KANGHUAJIANCEYIYESHISHIFENZHONGYAODEJIANCESHEBEIZHIYI,QIZUOYONGSHIYONGYUDAOLUQIAOLIANGDEMOCAXISHUDEJIANCE,CONGERGENJUXIANGGUANJIANCEJIEGUO,PANDUANLUMIANDEKANGHUAXINGNENGSHIFOUCHUYUXIANGGUANBIAOZHUNFANWEINEI。KANGHUAJIANCEYISHEBEIJUYOUJINGQUEDUGAO、SHIYONGBIANJIE、JIANCEGAOXIAODENGTEDIAN,YINCI,ZAIJINXINGDAOLUQIAOLIANGDEWUSUNJIANCEZHONGZHANJUZHEFEICHANGZHONGYAODEWEIZHI。


无损检测技术运用方法
 

1.电化学测试法

       SUIZHEKEXUEJISHUDEYANFAHEJINBU,JIAKUAILEWOGUODEGEGEDIYUDEDAOLUQIAOLIANGJIANSHE,YEQIANGHUALEGEGEDIYUZHIJIANDEJIAOTONGLIANXI,RENMENCHUXINGGENGJIABIANLI、KUAIJIE,YOUQISHIDUIYUWOGUOXIBEIDIQULAISHUO,DATONGLEXIBEIDIQUYUQUANGUOGEDIDEJIAOTONGWANGLAIXIANLU。

       YINCI,DUIYUXIBEIDIQUDEDAOLUQIAOLIANGDEWUSUNJIANCESHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODE,BUJINJINSHIXINDEJIYU,YEHUIYINGLAIXINDETIAOZHAN。NEIME,DUIYUDAOLUQIAOLIANGDEWUSUNJIANCEYECHENGWEILEBAOZHANGHETISHENGDAOLUQIAOLIANGZHILIANGDEGUANJIANXINGYINSU。ERDIANHUAXUEJIANCEFANGFA,ZESHIWUSUNJIANCEJISHUDECHANGYONGFANGFAZHIYI。

       SUOWEIDIANHUAXUEJIANCEFANGFA,JIUSHILIYONGMOUXIEWUZHICHANSHENGDEHUAXUEFANYING,YICIWEIJICHUJINXINGJIANCEHEPANDUAN,QIPANDUANYIJUGANGJINDEHUAXUEFANYING,RUGUOGANGJINCHUXIANLEBEIFUSHIXIANXIANG,HUICHUXIANTESHUDEHUAXUEFANYING。

       XIANJIEDUAN,BANDIANCHIDIANWEIFASHIDIANHUAXUEJIANCEFAZHONGJINGCHANGSHIYONGDEJISHUZHIYI,TONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIA,HUIZAIJINXINGJIANCEDESHIHOU,YIJUHUNNINGTUTANHUADESHENDUHEXIANCHANGDEDAOLUHUANJINGJINXINGZHENGTIFENXI,CONGERKEYIGENGHAODIJINXINGDUIDAOLUQIAOLIANGDEWUSUNJIANCEGONGZUO。

 

2.机敏混凝土测试法

       ZAIJIANSHECHENGSHIDEDAOLUQIAOLIANGSHI,SHIGONGCAILIAOWEIHUNNINGTU。YINCI,WEILEQUEBAODAOLUQIAOLIANGDEANQUANXINGYUKEKAOXING,YEXUYAODUIHUNNINGTUJINXINGXIANGGUANDEJIANCE。

       JIMINHUNNINGTUCESHIFANGFA,QIJIANCEYIJUSHIWUSUNJIANCE,RANHOUYICIWEIJICHUBUDUANJINXINGCHUANGXINHEFAZHAN;SUOYI,JIMINHUNNINGTUCESHIFAJUBEILEWUSUNJIANCEJISHUDEJINGZHUNXING、GAOXIAOXINGDENGYOUDIAN,BIMIANRENWEIDESHIWUZAOCHENGJIANCEJIEGUOCHUXIANWUCHA。QIZHONG,SUOWEIJIMINHUNNINGTU,JUTISHIZHITONGGUOZENGTIANMILIZIHUOZHEMOUZHONGXIANWEIFANGSHI,YIZENGQIANGHUNNINGTUDEKANGYAXINGNENG。

       QICI,DUIYUJIMINHUNNINGTUJUBEIYIDINGDEYAMINXING,QIXINGNENGHUIGENJUDIANZUDEBIANHUAERCHANSHENGBIANHUA,GONGZUORENYUANYEKEYIKUAISUJIANCEDAOMOUZHONGBIANHUAYICHANG。

       CHUCIZHIWAI,JIMINHUNNINGTUZISHENJUBEILEQIANGDUDAHESHOULIDADELIANGGEYOUSHI,JIMINCHUANGANQICAIKEYISHUNLIDESHIYONG,CONGERGUANCHADAOLUQIAOLIANGJIEGOUDEZHUANGKUANG,YISHIXIANDUIDAOLUQIAOLIANGDEWUSUNJIANCE。


无损检测技术运用分析

 

1.CHAOSHENGBOJIANCEJISHU

       DUIYULUMIAN、LUJI、GAOJISHUINISHIYONGJIAODUODEJIANCEJISHUSHICHAOSHENGBOJIANCEJISHU,JUYOUJIFARONGYI、CAOZUOJIANDAN、JIANCEJIEGUOJINGZHUNDENGTEDIAN。

       QICAOZUOYUANLIWEITONGGUOSHIYONGCHAOSHENGBOJISHUZHONGCUNZAIDESHUNJIANYINGLIBODUIJIXIEJINXINGZHUANGJI,YONGGANGCHUIQIAODAHUNNINGTUBIAOMIANJIEGOU,CHANSHENGDEDIPINLVYINGLIJIANGHUICHUANSONGDAOJIEGOUNEIBU。RANHOU,JIANCEDEGONGZUORENYUANJIUKEYITONGGUOYINGLIPANDUANDAOLUQIAOLIANGSHIFOUCUNZAIWENTI,YIJICUNZAIWENTIDEJUTIWEIZHI。

       DANGRAN,RUGUOYUDAOBUJUNYUNDEJIEZHI,YINGLIBOZAICHUANSONGDETUZHONGHUIZHIJIEBEIYUANLUTUIHUI;SUOYI,ZAISHIYONGCHAOSHENGBOJIANCEJISHUDESHIHOU,WEILEQUEBAOJIANCEJIEGUODEJINGZHUNDU,XUYAODUIYINGLIBODEFANSHEZHUANGKUANGJISHIJINXINGGUANCHAHEFENXI,CONGERZHAODAOKONGXIDEJUTIWEIZHI。


2.光纤传感检测技术

      SUIZHEDAOLUQIAOLIANGJIANSHEFANWEIDEKUODA,JINJINYIKAOCHAOSHENGBOJIANCEJISHUYIJINGWUFAMANZUDAOLUQIAOLIANGJIANSHEDEXUQIU。SUOYI,RENMENYIJINGKAISHIJIADAYANFAJIANCEJISHUDEYANFALIDU,JIJIYANJIUXINDEJIANCEJISHU,GENGHAODIFUWUYUDAOLUQIAOLIANGDEWUSUNJIANCE,GUANGXIANCHUANGANJIANCEJISHUBIANYINGYUNERSHENG。

       SUOWEIDECHUANGANJIANCEJISHU,ZHUYAODEMEIJIESHIGUANGXIAN,JIANCERENYUANLIYONGGUANGXIANZUOWEICHUANSHU,RANHOUSHIYONGGANSHOUQIDUIGUANGYUANXINHAOJINXINGSHOUJI,ZAITONGGUOZHUANHUANWAIJIEWULILIANGDEFANGSHIBAOZHENGYIQIJIESHOUXINHAO,CONGERSHIXIANDUIGEGEZHIBIAODEZONGHEFENXI,DUIHUNNINGTUDENEIBUCAILIAOBIANHUAJINXINGSHISHIJIANKONG。

       CHUCIZHIWAI,GUANGXIANCHUANGANJIANCEJISHU,HAIJUBEIZIDONGHUADEJIANCEGONGNENG,CONGERSHIXIANDUILUMIAN、LUJIYIJIHUNNINGTUDEGAOXIAO、KUAIJIE、JINGZHUNDEJIANGUAN。

 

3.探地雷达检测技术

       ZAIJINXINGDAOLUQIAOLIANGDEWUSUNJIANCEZHONG,TANDILEIDAJIANCEJISHUDESHIYONGXINGFEICHANGGAO,ZHUYAOSHISHISHIYONGGAOPINLVDEDIANCIMAICHONGBOXINGSHIJINXINGFASAN,RANHOULIYONGFASHETIANXIAN,JIANGSUOYOUDEXINXIJISHIDECHUANSHUDAODIXIA。

      ZAIDIXIAJINXINGLEIDAMAICHONGDECHUANSHUSHI,RUGUOYUDAOZUAIDEDIXIAJIEZHIJIAOJIEMIAN,NEIMEHUIYOULEIDABOBEIDIDANGHUILAI,ZAIBEITIANXIANJIESHOUXINHAO,RUCIFANFU。

      SUOYI,ZAIJINXINGTANDILEIDAJIANCEDESHIHOU,SHOUJIDAODEXINHAODOUSHIYUANZIYUDIXIAJIEZHIJIAOJIEMIANDEFANSHEBO,CONGERSHIXIANDUIDAOLUQIAOLIANGDEWUSUNJIANCEHETANCHA。

 

4.图像检测技术

      DUIYUDAOLUQIAOLIANGLAISHUO,LINGYIZHONGYOUXIAODEJIANDUHEJIANCEJISHUJIUSHITUXIANGJIANCEJISHU,TUXIANGJIANCEJISHUKEYIFENWEILIANGZHONG:

      (1)JIGUANGQUANXITUXIANGSHEYINGJISHU,ZHUYAOSHIHUIYONGSHEYINGCHENGXIANGJISHU,DUIZHENGTISHUJUJINXINGZONGHEFENXI,CONGERPANDUANDAOLUQIAOLIANGDEZHENGTIZHUANGKUANG。

      (2)HONGWAICHENGXIANGJISHU,ZHUYAOSHITONGGUODAOREXINGNENGDUIDAOLUQIAOLIANGDEHONGWAICHENGXIANGQINGKUANGJINXINGGUANCHA,CONGERKEYIZHUNQUEDEPANDUANDAOLUQIAOLIANGZHONGCUNZAIWENTIDEWEIZHI。YINCI,DAOLUQIAOLIANGDETUXIANGJIANCEJISHUSHIYONGQILAIGENGJIABIANJIE,JIANCEJIEGUOGENGJIAZHIGUAN、JINGZHUN。

       无损检测具备了高效、快捷、精准、低成本的优势,已经被大力的推广和使用,无损检测技术也在道路桥梁中发挥着越来越重要的作用,可以帮助检测人员更好地进行检测工作,发现准确的问题和故障,并且及时修复,从而更好地促进我国道路桥梁的可持续性发展。



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